Recently, "69 Jihad" incident broke out in China. That is, hundreds of thousands of Chinese Internet users collectively scheduled attacks (spamming and condemning) on well-known forums and websites of Korean celebrity stars and their fans at 7 pm on June 9, 2010. The slogan of 69 Jihad was “NC don’t die, Jihad never ends”. (NC: 脑残 mentally ill, brain damaged) Now historically so-called “69 Jihad” is an significant incident of the Chinese Internet Culture conflict in 2010.
Trigger of the War:
From Baidu wiki: The “69 Jihad” was triggered by a “trampling accident” in the Shanghai World Expo Korean Pavilion on May 30, 2010.
On May 30, Korean pop singer group Super Junior preformed at the World Expo in Shanghai. According to some information, they promised to give away 5,000 tickets, but portion of the tickets were provided to Korean tourist groups, so supposedly there were actually only 2,500 tickets to be given away. Because in the beginning Korea promised 5,000 tickets, but SJ’s (Super Junior) manager and SM Company knew there were only a few hundred tickets but they purposely spread the rumor of 5,000 tickets to attract SJ fans to go to the concert. Then not enough tickets caused people to be blocked outside and created the scene of SJ being really popular and Chinese people are crazy about them. In the end only a few hundred tickets were given away leading to fans’ violent actions. They started yelling and beating the armed police and volunteers who tried to maintain order. Some spitted at the armed police, one person even took off her clothes and accused the armed police of sexual harassment.
This incident caused many injuries and even deaths. Even though the news was quickly blocked it still eventually leaked out and began to spread on the Internet. A forum post titled “Korean fans, don’t think no one cares about volunteers and armed police don’t have fans of their own, how dare you to spit, really want to spill the kimchi in your brain” appeared on Tianya and triggered public uproar. On the same night SJ official website was brought down by the Chinese Internet users. Then SJ’s fans went to the Korean Pavilion Website to apologize, and apologizing on behalf of Chinese people. This really set off the patriotic Chinese netizents to organize the “69 Jihad”.
According to the official "69 Jihad" website (translated by ESWN): "At 7pm on June 9, we will organize all patriotic Internet users at Baidu, MOP, Tianya, Sohu, Sina, Tencent, Renren, Hongke Alliance, Heike Alliance, the various hawkish military forums … to join our fight!! We need all types of people to join in. We look forward to seeing you. This so-called war consists of making posts/comments to cause the targeted websites from being able to provide normal services.”
More speculations of “69 Jihad” translated by ESWN:
Because the "69 Crusade/Jihad" originated at the World of Warcraft website, an industry insider who does not want his/her name revealed said that the whole thing could be a publicity stunt organized by the World of Warcraft team. June 9th was chosen because they were targeting the 9.57 million college entrance exam candidates. Netease, which runs the World of Warcraft, declined to comment.
Another opinion was that this was a marketing ploy by the game websites 178.com to promote the AK platform. The official website for "69 Crusade/Jihad" is "ak558.org" and it is also called Channel 558 at AK with appropriate instructions to download the software.
178.com has issued a denial about the aforementioned speculation. 178.com CEO Zhang Yunfan said that the recent campaign has put stress on their servers but they have not deleted the relevant channel. Because 178.com has kept the channel while other competitors have deleted the relevant channels, people are congregating at 178.com. Zhang said that 178.com has not done anything to make this event happen.
Last year, the Jia Junpeng affair also began at the World of Warcraft forum. That affair was later show to be a planned Internet marketing campaign.
12:10 the AK 558 website was attacked by Korean hackers and is closed. The command center for the Crusade/Jihad has been transferred to IS channel 558520.
16:50 Baidu has begun to "harmonize" the webmasters of the forums which support the Crusade/Jihad (including the Heike forum, the Hack forum, the Hongke forum, the Fujian forum). These people have had their titles removed and their IDs banned.
17:10 The Heike Alliance announced that they are attacking Baidu because they want Baidu to continue accept registration at the Super Junior forum before war begins at 19:00.
17:30 The largest Korean shopping website was attacked by unknown hackers. Its home page has been changed by someone said to be the "Chinese Hackers, Zhejiang division."
17:36 Someone who may be a technician at the 360 Security Company has accepted responsibility for the hacking incident. He says that he wants to "compare notes" with the Baidu security team.
18:00 The Baidu forums are experiencing instability as a number of the forums have collapsed. Baidu says that they are "undergoing emergency recover."
18:20 The Korean Super Junior forum is out.
19:10 Some members of the Hacker Alliance have successfully bypassed the registration identification system at Baidu. But their posts have limited firepower. Members of the Hongke Alliance have also bypassed identification and flushed the forum with posts without any opposition.
19:35 MOP has successfully used "human flesh search" to identify the real identity, mobile phone number, home telephone number and address of the Super Junior forum webmaster.
19:40 The membership registration system at the Super Junior forum has been compromised by the Hacker Alliance. The Halo Team is leading the way to flood the forum. Baidu is working to patch the flaw, but the Hongke Alliance is launching an attack to delay them. Various other Korean websites are being attacked by Chinese hackers.
19:55 Status report
– 414 QQ "brain-damaged" groups related to Super Junior have been bombed out
– Hongke/Hacker have taken the official Super Junior website out
– Blood has taken the Super Junior Forum at Baidu out
– Music download statistics have been banned
– Renren’s Super Junior section is half-paralyzed. A reporter refreshed the page at 21:30 and again at 21:31. Within one minute, there were 42 more pages of new comments with almost identical comments about the Crusade/Jihad.
Read more about “69 Jihad” on Global Voice Online.
Doodles of “69 Jihad”
IFeng conducted an online survey on the root cause the “69 Jihad”, as for today:
1. Netizens’ patriotic act 72.5% (6985)
2. Netizens are “lonely” : loss of faith 18.2% (1754)
3. Network promoter’s publicity stunt 9.4% (902)
Korean media: “69 Jihad” is developing towards anti-Korean sentiment
Hahanzu (哈韩族) is a trend (type of people) formed in recent years in China, also called the “Korean Wave”. They have an alternative life style, appearance and fashion, love Korean fashion, make-up, music etc. As a result, “Korean goods” shop owners got rich, Korean language training courses of varying lengths have more students then ever; Korean restaurants are also blooming everywhere. Hahanzu is growing in China.
From DoNews June 11, according to Yonhap news agency, after China’s Internet users’ feeling of resentment towards (Hahanzu) “Korean Wave” have fermented, the situation are gradually developing towards anti-Korean sentiment.
June 9, afternoon, aiming at Hahanzu, most of Chinese major websites appeared the slogan of “Brain-damaged do not die, Jihad never ends”, countless posts with this slogan flooded all websites. Other than that, 10 websites including Korean government website and many Korean pop stars’ official websites were hacked on June 9th.
Korean Security Department said, Korean national Portal (http://korea.go.kr) was under 220 minutes of DDoS attack, and this attack came from 120 Chinese websites.
According to Global Times’ analysis, the attack may be related to a defamatory post “sweep all Hahanzu”. One of the key person who launched the “holy war” Sister Mountain said in an interview that attacks on Korea’s websites was not Jihad’s original intention.
Sister Mountain said, the purpose of the jihad was to educate the Hahanzu because they were out of control at the World Expo Korean Pavilion on May 30 just because they wanted to watch a concert.
On May 30, tens of thousand of Korean pop fans stayed up all night and lined up for free tickets, but most of them did not get one. The Anti-Hahanzu could not understand Korean pop fans’ behaviors. On June 9th, countless anti-Hanhanzu articles were posted and Hahanzu also posted writings to fight back. June 9, just one day, baidu had 7,630 new posts with 200,000 clicks.